Cybersecurity companies are sponsoring foreign workers with salaries exceeding $300,000, visa records show – but also entry-level workers with salaries under $100,000 – as a talent gap drives foreign hiring in a booming industry.
Business Insider analyzed the US Office of Foreign Labor Certification's 2020 disclosure data for permanent and temporary foreign workers to find out what 24 major players in cybersecurity — including Palo Alto Networks, Okta, FireEye, Trend Micro, McAfee, Netskope, CrowdStrike, and Cloudflare — pay tech talent in key roles including engineers, developers and data scientists.
Records show four companies – Auth0, Cloudflare, Palo Alto Networks, and Symantec – paid salaries exceeding $300,000 to new hires from other countries. More than 100 foreign workers were hired at salaries exceeding $200,000 by a dozen companies, the records show.
On the other end of the spectrum, talent-hungry cybersecurity companies hired more than 600 foreign workers at less that $100,000 annual salary – many at less than $70,000 for analysts, accountants, and marketers.
"One of the things it says when firms are hiring executives and entry level workers from abroad is that the talent is less and less available [in the US]," the CEO of cybersecurity-training and workforce-development company CyberVista, Simone Petrella, told Business Insider.
Cybersecurity presents a more extreme version than many industries that hire and sponsor foreign workers because of a gaping talent gap that has left hundreds of thousands of jobs unfilled.
While the federal data is limited to this select group of workers and only includes base pay — sans any bonuses or stock awards — it still provides rare insight into what these major companies are willing to shell out for talent.
Here's how much these top cybersecurity technology companies paid employees hired in 2020:
Auth0 is an identity-focused startup building single sign-on, multi-factor authentication and passwordless login technology.
The company is decentralized, with most of its 650+ employees working remotely. CEO Eugenio Pace recently wrote in a Business Insider op-ed that "trust, communication, and collaboration" are key to making this work, not "any predetermined amount of 'chair time.'"
Here are the salaries of some recent Auth0 hires based on 19 approved visa applications.
Business intelligence research analyst: $112,000
Computer systems analyst: $95,000
Data Scientist: $116,000
Head of content and digital product design: $230,000
Marketing specialist: $70,903
Solutions architect: $163,000
Technical support engineer: $68,000
Vice president, solutions engineering: $305,190
Carbon Black, which primarily builds cloud security software for enterprise clients, has made several high-salaried hires since VMWare bought it for $2.1 billion last year, an acquisition meant to bolster the cloud computing company's security offerings.
Here are the salaries of some recent Carbon Black hires based on seven approved visa applications.
Full stack engineer: $133,000
Principal software engineer: $130,000
Senior site reliability engineer: $118,934
Software engineer: $100,000-$105,000
Software engineering manager, developer relations: $160,000
Technical support engineer: $87,859
Cloudflare, the $10.8 billion cybersecurity company, has expanded its offerings as companies shift to remote work amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Internet traffic through its system has risen 50% since the start of 2020 as more people work from home, COO Michelle Zatlyn recently told Business Insider.
Here are the salaries of some recent Cloudflare hires based on 116 approved visa applications.
Account executive: $150,000
Backend systems engineer, load balancing: $140,000
Cryptography engineer: $130,000
Data analyst: $81,598
Data scientist: $120,000-$130,000
Engineering manager: $190,000-$220,000
Head of China strategy and development: $330,000
Head of infrastructure: $280,000
Network engineer, strategic infrastructure: $220,000
Product pricing strategist: $240,000
Software engineer: $175,000
The cloud-based cybersecurity company CrowdStrike, valued at $29 billion, has expanded its remote work-focused offerings in recent months, including through the acquisition of Preempt Security for $96 million to bulk up its zero-trust offerings.
"Many companies we talk to say they want to digitally transform themselves, but you can't transform if you can't protect yourself," CrowdStrike CEO George Kurtz told Business Insider in September.
Here are the salaries of some recent CrowdStrike hires based on 37 approved visa applications.
Analyst, Falcon Complete: $100,000
Cloud engineer: $110,000
Data integration architect: $170,000
Manager, engineering: $180,000-$185,000
Network engineer: $125,000
Release manager: $99,382-$120,000
Senior engineer: $155,000-$200,000
Senior software engineer: $142,626-$200,358
Senior systems engineer: $142,500
Software engineer: $90,200-$165,000
Cybereason has raised $390 million in venture capital from backers including SoftBank and Greenspring Associates. It primarily sells a cloud-based endpoint detection platform meant to protect against advanced threats.
Here are the salaries of recent Cybereason hires, according to seven approved visa applications.
Security engineer: $99,320
Security operations center analyst: $100,000
Senior sales engineer: $165,000
Solution architect: $110,000
Technical support manager: $125,000
Tier 3 support engineer: $100,000
F5 Networks is a $10 billion company that helps developers secure and run their web apps. It recently acquired Nginx, a startup that runs more than half of the world's busiest websites, and also sells security and application-monitoring tools.
Here are the salaries of some of F5 Networks' recent hires, according to 354 approved visa applications.
ASIC engineer: $125,590
Business intelligence analyst: $74,984
Internal IT auditor: $65,374-$73,736
IT network architect: $126,485
Manager, product development: $158,184
New product introduction engineer: $127,546-$154,315
Principal software engineer: $134,618-$165,871
Solution architect: $155,656
FireEye is best known for its threat intelligence reports on hackers backed by nation-states, and also sells cybersecurity software and consulting for enterprise clients.
Here are the salaries of some recent FireEye hires, according to 184 recently approved visa applications.
Associate security researcher: $112,935
Associate UX designer: $57,013
Director, SW dev engineering: $212,000
Director, software QA: $213,947
Senior threat analyst: $101,400
Software engineer: $93,100-$115,000
Staff research scientist: $155,000-$184,350
Fortinet sells enterprise cybersecurity technology like firewalls, endpoint security, and anti-virus software. The publicly-traded company has grown steadily since its IPO in 2009, and now has over 6,000 employees.
Here are the salaries of some recent Fortinet hires, according to 295 recently approved visa applications.
Advanced services engineer: $125,000
Director, product management: $205,650
Director, software development: $240,843
Embedded software developer: $97,302-$141,898
Java developer: $95,000-$119,500
Software development engineer: $75,000-$135,000
Web developer: $86,320-$120,000
Founded in 2004, Gigamon specializes in tools that let businesses gauge and route traffic, as well as threat detection software for enterprises.
Here are the salaries of some recent Gigamon hires, according to 59 approved visa applications.
Business system analyst: $95,638
Principal engineer, SW: $189,373
Senior software engineer: $100,000-$127,000
Senior professional services manager: $149,330-$168,743
Senior staff engineer: $174,421
Systems manager: $170,000
Technical support engineer: $86,520-$91,800
Kaspersky, a cybersecurity firm based in Russia, has emerged as one of the leading firms combatting the rising global threat of ransomware. Kaspersky sells enterprise tools to block ransomware and offers threat intelligence on sophisticated ransomware attackers.
Here are some recent hires made by Kaspersky's US offices, according to four approved visa applications.
Analyst relations and marketing intelligence specialist: $69,000
Head of digital analytics: $128,508
Web developer: $95,000
Lookout specializes in cloud-based security for mobile devices. The Silicon Valley cybersecurity firm also runs a threat intelligence unit that has partnered with tech nonprofits like Citizen Lab and the Electronic Frontier Foundation to shine a light on nation-state hacking tools used to target human rights groups.
Here are some recent Lookout hires, according to 33 approved visa applications.
Administration specialist: $57,637
Data engineer: $120,000
Director of security software engineering: $235,000
Product manager: $164,500-$188,000
Senior engineering manager: $190,000-$195,000
Senior staff software engineer: $210,000
Staff data engineer: $180,000
One of the largest longstanding cybersecurity companies, McAfee employs over 7,000 people at its offices in Silicon Valley and Texas. The company is hiring aggressively and recruits new hires with a broad range of educational backgrounds, chief people officer Chatelle Lynch recently told Business Insider.
Here are the salaries of some recent McAfee hires based on 204 approved visas.
Application developer: $99,500-$126,235
Data analyst: $66,700-$126,100
Director, security operations: $186,493
Manager, software engineering: $131,726-$154,669
Sales operations analyst: $68,800
Security researcher: $72,114-$123,000
Vice president, marketing: $230,006
Netskope, which sells tools to companies that monitor how employees use cloud software, is pouring money into hiring new engineering talent. The $3 billion company recently entered a "cloud security alliance" with two other cybersecurity firms to challenge giants like Microsoft and McAfee.
Here are the salaries of some recent Netskope hires, based on 143 approved visa applications.
Build and release engineer: $126,000
Business operations technical analyst: $69,430-$72,280
Director, engineering: $171,831-$265,000
Principal architect: $240,843
Software engineer: $109,242-$155,000
User experience designer: $81,349-$135,000
$11 billion NortonLifeLock sells cybersecurity software primarily to consumers. The Arizona-based company is investing heavily in engineering hires, according to federal disclosures, after its enterprise software division was acquired by Broadcom in 2019 for $10.7 billion.
Here are the salaries of some recent NortonLifeLock hires, according to 40 approved visas.
Automation specialist: $123,600
Business operations analyst: $70,000
Director, product management: $192,000
Senior principal software engineer: $191,209
Software development engineer: $128,000
Software engineer: $103,737-$118,965
Senior site reliability engineer: $127,456
Okta's valuation has soared amid the COVID-19 pandemic as companies with remote workers are increasingly willing to buy its endpoint security products.
The $32 billion Silicon Valley company has been able to pick up top talent during the pandemic, continuing to hire as other companies implement hiring freezes or layoffs, cofounder Frederic Kerrest recently told Business Insider.
Here are the salaries of some recent Okta hires based on 274 approved visa applications.
Application security engineer: $127,600-$159,600
Chief security officer: $241,696
Director, product management: $230,000
Emerging markets account executive: $57,158
Principal software architect: $281,300
Technical program manager: $135,000-$161,300
OneTrust sells software that lets businesses protect and track data that they're using to comply with shifting privacy laws. The Atlanta-based startup has raised over $410 million in the past two years alone as businesses clamor for data privacy tech in the face of new legislation.
Here are the salaries of some recent OneTrust hires, according to 160 approved visa applications:
Cloud ops engineer: $73,009-$115,000
Implementation consultant: $67,500-$105,000
Java developer: $75,000-$132,000
Lead solutions engineer: $125,258
Software engineer: $70,000-$132,000
UI developer: $80,000-$135,000
Palo Alto Networks, the self-described "world's largest cybersecurity company," sells security systems to prevent cyberattacks to its more than 70,000 customers. The $28 billion firm was named the highest-paying employer in 2019 by Glassdoor and continues to hire aggressively.
Here are the salaries of some recent Palo Alto Networks hires based on 689 approved visa applications.
Big data software engineer: $130,000-$150,000
Cloud software engineer: $132,000
Global head of strategic solution architecture: $252,000
Principal data engineer: $220,000
Senior director, global MDR alliances: $240,000
Staff software engineer: $94,307-$152,500
Vice president, Americas field marketing: $300,000
Vice president, next generation firewall: $310,000
Rapid7 sells software to over 9,000 customers that automates routine security tasks and wards off attacks. The $4 billion company has recently hired a raft of software engineers and security analysts, according to filings.
Here are the salaries of some recent Rapid7 hires, according to 26 approved visa applications.
Security analyst: $76,253
Senior application integration engineer: $127,427-$150,000
Senior business analyst: $98,725
Senior software engineer: $90,000-$141,274
Vice president, public and community affairs: $199,500
Web developer: $115,000
Led by prominent security researcher Ang Cui, Red Balloon Security specializes in identifying and patching flaws in embedded devices like MP3 players, hospital equipment, and even household devices like an internet-connected "smart crib."
Red Balloon security CEO Ang Cui told Business Insider that the company recruits people who can "solve complex problems" regardless of the details of their resume.
"Our hiring strategy is a bit different from the typical company, in that we don't care so much about resumes and interviews," Cui said in an emailed statement, adding that the company relies more heavily on real-world hacking or programming challenges for potential hires.
Here are the salaries of some recent Red Balloon Security hires, according to 10 approved visa applications.
Graphic designer: $63,000
Python engineer: $120,000
Research scientist: $105,000-$111,111
Security researcher: $104,000-$246,000*
*While visa data showed security researcher salaries up to $134,000, a Red Balloon Security spokesperson clarified that the company pays up to $246,000 for the position.
CyberArk is a $4.3 billion information security company that sells cybersecurity software to over 5,400 businesses.
Here are the salaries of some recent CyberArk hires, according to three approved visa applications.
Extensions developer: $80,000
Security services engineer: $81,000
Splunk, a $21 billion analytics firm, helps its clients rapidly process vast amounts of data. Businesses use its data analytics product to investigate outages and identify root causes, including potential cyberattacks.
Here are the salaries of some recent Splunk hires, according to 451 approved visa applications.
ASA chief architect: $158,454
Data engineer: $131,726-$140,400
Director, product management: $225,000
Principal security engineer: $195,000
Principal software engineer: $122,408-$202,800
Senior director, data operations and process excellence: $250,000
Solution architect: $141,856-$172,640
Acquired by Broadcom in 2019 for $10.7 billion, Symantec sells a security platform to enterprise clients that provides tools for complying with data privacy regulations and warding off cyberattacks.
Here are the salaries of some recent Symantec hires according to 759 approved visa applications.
Associate software engineer: $72,800-$110,000
Cloud security architect: $230,000
Cybersecurity analyst: $70,000-$75,000
Director of product management: $250,666
Information security lead: $200,000
Principal software engineer: $114,330-$190,000
Senior vice president: $350,000
VP, security strategy: $285,000
With a $9 billion valuation, Tanium is one of the most valuable cybersecurity firms in the industry. The company recently raised $150 million from backers including Salesforce Ventures and has gone on a hiring spree, tapping former Ford CEO Mark Fields as its lead board member.
Tanium has been able to expand its global recruitment recently as it shifts to a "remote-first" workplace, VP of talent acquisition Mike Curran said in a statement to Business Insider.
"Tanium continues to invest in hiring the best talent in the market to build products that provide manageability, security and insight where digital business begins: at the endpoint," Curran said. "Shifting to a remote-first mindset has allowed us to tap into talent around the globe in order to fulfill our enormous market opportunity."
Here are the salaries of some recent Tanium hires based on four approved visa applications.
Director of strategy, data: $170,000
Event marketing manager: $110,000
Program and events manager: $66,000
The self-titled "Cyber Exposure company," $3.9 billion Tenable specializes in identifying security vulnerabilities for its clients. The Maryland-based company serves businesses including more than 250 Fortune 500 companies, as well as several large government agencies.
Here are the salaries of some recent Tenable hires, according to 20 approved visa applications.
Director of research, vulnerability detection: $185,000-$190,920
Senior director, sales and channel operations: $165,000-$185,000
Senior site reliability engineer: $175,000
Software engineer: $124,000
Software engineer manager: $197,510
Senior software engineer: $170,000-$180,000
When you see corruption being rewarded and honesty becoming a self-sacrifice, you may know that your society is doomed