Beautiful Virgin Islands

Thursday, Jun 08, 2023

Ukraine has wrecked Russia's invasion plans, and these game-changing weapons have helped them do it

Ukraine has wrecked Russia's invasion plans, and these game-changing weapons have helped them do it

The US is the largest provider of security assistance for Ukraine, committing over $19 billion in military aid since Russia invaded in late February.

Throughout Russia's war in Ukraine, Western countries and NATO allies have outfitted Kyiv's forces with various weapons and combat systems to help them not only stop enemy forces from advancing but at times actually drive them back. 

Among these weapons are shoulder-launched anti-tank weapons, unmanned combat aerial vehicles, and mobile rocket launchers — game-changing systems that have helped Ukraine derail Russian President Vladimir Putin's campaign, whether it was defending Kyiv in the early spring or keeping Russian forces at bay in eastern Ukraine over the summer. 

The US is the largest provider of security assistance for Ukraine. According to a November 23 Pentagon assessment, the Biden administration has committed over $19 billion in military aid since Moscow invaded on February 24. The next-highest contributor is the UK, which has committed £2.3 billion ($2.7 billion) as of early November.

Additional sources of firepower committed to Ukraine include Germany, Turkey, Australia, and Canada, among others. 

"There's been several weapons systems that Western security partners of Ukraine have provided that have played a crucial role," George Barros, an expert with Washington-based think tank Institute for the Study of War, told Insider. "If it were not for Western security assistance to Ukraine, Russia would've already won the war."

Here are some of the game-changing weapons that have helped Ukraine spoil Putin's invasion plans and even turn the tides of the war.


Shoulder-launched anti-tank and anti-aircraft weapons
A Ukrainian Territorial Defence Forces member holds an NLAW anti-tank weapon, in the outskirts of Kyiv, Ukraine, Wednesday, March 9, 2022.


During the early stages of the war, invading Russian forces quickly advanced on the Ukrainian capital city, Kyiv, after Russia spent months of gathering troops and equipment along the border. In the face of stiff Ukrainian resistance, Putin's troops were, however, forced to withdraw from the region and refocus their efforts on eastern Ukraine. 

In these early days and weeks, shoulder-launched anti-tank missiles — like the UK-provided Next Generation Light Anti-tank Weapon (NLAW) and US-provided FGM-148 Javelin — became crucial tools for Ukraine to defend against approaching armor and tanks.

These weapons were "very important to provide individual Ukrainian soldiers firepower to be able to defeat Russian armor as they were approaching during the initial phase of the invasion," Barros said.

The Pentagon estimates that Russia has lost half its main battle tanks in Ukraine.

Another important shoulder-launched weapon was the FIM-92 Stinger, which is an American-made portable air-defense system. These weapons, Barros said, were capable of downing Russian helicopters and aircraft conducting airborne assault operations.  

Among some other systems, such as artillery systems, these three lightweight weapons helped Ukrainian forces defend Kyiv and other regions in the early days of the war. 


Small arms and ammunition
Fighters of the territorial defence unit, a support force to the regular Ukrainian army, take part in an exercise as part of the regular combat tactics classes, not far from the Ukrainian town of Bucha, Kyiv region on July 13, 2022 amid the Russian invasion of the country


Although they have received far less attention than some other weapon systems, certain small arms and their ammunition were critical for Ukraine early on in the war. These weapons were used to arm members of the Ukrainian armed forces and territorial defense units, as well as some civilians.

"It's not a sophisticated system or anything like that, and it's not uniformly standard, but that aid was very important during the initial phase of the invasion as well, because it was very unclear exactly how far the Russian invaders would get," Barros said. 

According to a late-November Department of Defense fact sheet, the US had committed over 11,000 grenade launchers and small arms, as well as more than 104,000,000 rounds of small arms ammunition.  

Kyiv's forces have used a variety of small arms, some from the West and some of alternative origin. These include rifles, submachine guns, light machine guns, sniper rifles, and handguns manufactured domestically and also abroad in Austria, Israel, and even Russia.  

By contrast, many Russian reservists troops have arrived in Ukraine with what Western intelligence has called "barely usable" rifles. Some carry Soviet-era weaponry, which Britain's defense ministry previously said was kept in poor storage conditions.


Bayraktar TB2 unmanned combat aerial vehicle
Ukrainian servicemen push a Bayraktar TB2 UCAV at the Kulbakyne aerodrome during the Exercise Sea Breeze 2021, Mykolaiv, southern Ukraine.


As the war in Ukraine pivoted to a new phase, one of brutal artillery battles and grinding attrition in eastern Ukraine's Donbas region, the Turkish-made Bayraktar TB2 drone became a decisive weapon for Kyiv's forces, though it also saw successes early on.

This famed unmanned combat aerial vehicle — which saw action aiding Azerbaijan in the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict — has been highly regarded by global militaries and even had a multi-year-long wait to obtain one. These systems became legends in Ukraine, even inspiring songs that went viral.  

The TB2 drone allowed the Ukrainians to carry out precision strikes and target vulnerable Russian positions and have been used to destroy military equipment like tanks, howitzers, and infantry fighting vehicles.

For example, the TB2 was used successfully during Ukraine's efforts to recapture Snake Island in the Black Sea, where ground communication lines were unavailable. The drones were used to target occupying Russian forces, who eventually decided that they could no longer hold their positions. 

Barros said that "this is a tactic that, frankly, the Ukrainians have used very effectively ever since they've had access to precision munitions that are capable of striking deep into critical vulnerable Russian areas."


HARM air-to-surface anti-radiation missile
US Marines load an AGM-88 High-Speed Anti-Radiation Missile onto an F/A-18C Hornet at Andersen Air Force Base in Guam on August 13, 2021.


In the late summer, Ukraine launched a lightning-fast counter offensive in the northeastern Kharkiv region — liberating thousands of square miles of territory previously occupied by Russian forces. 

One weapon that helped here was the US-supplied AGM-88 High-speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM), an air-to-surface missile that can hunt and target enemy radar systems.

Ukraine used these missiles to threaten and hamstring Russian air-defense radars and systems, before going on to deploy tactical aircraft in what Barros described as a "limited but effective capacity."  

"The Ukrainians," he said, "were able to use the HARM missile to strike Russian air defense assets in the Kharkiv area of operations. Not a lot of people talk about the HARM, but it's sort of a very specific tool for a very specific job, and the Ukrainians were also able to use that well."


High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS)
A Ukrainian serviceman as seen by the HIMARS vehicle in Eastern Ukraine on July 1, 2022.


Perhaps the most prominent of Ukraine's game-changing weapons is the US-provided High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS). 

These systems, which were much-sought-after by Kyiv, are long-range and high-precision rocket launchers capable of striking targets up to 50 miles away with the munitions provided by the US, though they have the ability to strike farther. With GPS-guided rockets, these weapons have been able to target Russian command posts, ammunition depots, and bridges. 

Ukraine celebrated the arrival of the HIMARS in June, and the systems quickly became revered among top Ukrainian officials and the country's armed forces because they were so effective at a time when the war was a fast becoming a WWI-style artillery duel. The HIMARS gave Ukraine range beyond the M777 Howitzers provided by the US earlier in the conflict.

"The HIMARS stopped the bleeding in eastern Ukraine with regards to the rolling Russian offensive that was picking up steam in sort of late spring, early summer," Barros said, pointing to two specific examples where these weapons proved to be a "game changer" on the battlefield.

When the HIMARS arrived in Ukraine, Russian forces were relying on an artillery superiority to obliterate Ukrainian defensive positions in various small towns. They would then press forward into the area and "slowly sort of systematically grind their way" deeper into Ukraine, Barros said.   

For this to work, Russia needed lots of artillery near their firing positions, Barros added. But Ukraine was able to use their HIMARS to target Russian ammunition depots that were providing Moscow with the consistent artillery ammunition needed to sustain a high volume of firepower.  

HIMARS also played an important role during Ukraine's campaign to retake territory in the southern Kherson region, Barros said. There, Kyiv used this weapon to successfully strike a handful bridges — cutting off bands of Russian troops and creating a logistical headache for Putin. 

According to an assessment of the war by the UK-based Royal United Services Institute, the introduction of the HIMARS — as well as the US-made M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System — into Ukraine "can be seen as the point where the Russian offensive on Donbas ended and the war entered a new phase."

AI Disclaimer: An advanced artificial intelligence (AI) system generated the content of this page on its own. This innovative technology conducts extensive research from a variety of reliable sources, performs rigorous fact-checking and verification, cleans up and balances biased or manipulated content, and presents a minimal factual summary that is just enough yet essential for you to function as an informed and educated citizen. Please keep in mind, however, that this system is an evolving technology, and as a result, the article may contain accidental inaccuracies or errors. We urge you to help us improve our site by reporting any inaccuracies you find using the "Contact Us" link at the bottom of this page. Your helpful feedback helps us improve our system and deliver more precise content. When you find an article of interest here, please look for the full and extensive coverage of this topic in traditional news sources, as they are written by professional journalists that we try to support, not replace. We appreciate your understanding and assistance.
Newsletter

Related Articles

Beautiful Virgin Islands
Close
0:00
0:00
The Fed fixing the economy
I have a dream, MLK inspiring speech
Corporations standing up for “LGDP-LGT-LBG-LGBTQ2+ kids” during ‘Pride Month’ be like:
Aretha Franklin, Marvis Staples - Oh Happy Day
A Major Ukrainian Hydroelectric Dam BLOWN UP
BVI Freedom Song
US and European Intelligence Agencies Uncover Evidence of Ukrainian Role in Terror Attack on Nord Stream Pipeline
Billy Preston - You Can't Beat God Giving (Live)
The driver has been described by authorities as a 21-year-old woman from Tallahassee
VIRGIN ISLANDS REGGAE CARIBBEAN RIDDIMZ
Joe Biden falls at the Air Force Graduation
Oh Happy Day Edwin Hawkins - Anthony Brown w FBCG Combined Choir
America's Got Talent…
'Stand by Me' performed by Karen Gibson and The Kingdom Choir
Nvidia Joins Tech Giants as First Chipmaker to Reach $1 Trillion Valuation
National Anthem of the British Virgin Islands - Oh, Beautiful Virgin
Drone Attack on Moscow's Wealthiest Neighborhoods Suspected to be Launched by Ukraine
Hello Dolly
AI ‘extinction’ should be same priority as nuclear war – experts
for KING & COUNTRY - Amen (Reborn) [feat. Lecrae & The WRLDFMS Tony Wi
Prominent Hacker Forum RaidForums Suffers Substantial Data Breach
Bob Marley - Get Up Stand Up
Nvidia CEO Huang says firms, individuals without AI expertise will be left behind
Yes He Can
WPP Revolutionizes Advertising with NVIDIA's AI Powerhouse
What A Friend We Have In Jesus
Two US Employees Fired For Chasing Robbers Out Of Store As They Broke ''Company Policy''
Unforgettable
If you donated to BLM, you got played
Touch The Hem Of His Garment
Pfizer, the EU, and disappearing ink - Smoke, Mirrors, and the Billion-Dose Pfizer Vaccine Deal: EU's 'Open Secret
The Lord's Prayer
Actor Tom Hanks told Harvard University graduates to be superheroes in their defense of truth and American ideals, and to resist those who twist the truth for their own gain
THE GOD MOVEMENT...BEAUTIFUL BVI
The Sussexes' Royal Rebound: Could Harry and Meghan Markle Return to the UK?
Siyahamba
A provocative study suggests: Left-Wing Extremism and its Unsettling Connection to Psychopathy and Narcissism
Ray Charles And The Voices Of Jubilaton, Oh, Happy Day
France Arrests 10 on Suspicion of Failing to Respond in Time to Migrant Drowning
Ramblin' Rose
Neuralink Receives FDA Approval for First-in-Human Clinical Study
Protoje - Who Knows ft. Chronixx
Is Saudi Arabia the holiest place in the world? Ancient Hebrew Inscriptions from "The Mount Sinai Stand" Discovered in Saudi Arabia
Pressure - Virgin Islands Nice
Ukrainian Intelligence Official Admits to Assassination Attempts on Putin
Phil Wickham - House Of The Lord
WATCH THIS: democracy in Russia is so bad!
My God Is Real (Yes, God Is Real)
Ed Davey: It is possible for a woman to have a penis
The Lion King Circle of Life by LEBO M. — LIVE at the HAVASI Symphonic
Bernard Arnault Loses $11.2 Billion in One Day as Investors Fear Slowdown in US Growth Will Reduce Demand for Luxury Products
Louis Armstrong - When The Saints Go Marching In
Russian’s Wagner Group leader: “I am not a chef, I am a butcher. Russia is in danger of a revolution like in 1917.”
Kanye West Sunday Service - hallelujah, salvation, and glory
TikTok Sues Montana Over Law Banning the App
Jonathan Nelson - I Believe (Island Medley
Ron DeSantis Jumps Into 2024 Presidential Race, Setting Up Showdown With Trump
From The Virgin Islands Sqad Up
Steve Jobs introducing Apple's iPhone, exactly 16 years ago.
Common, John Legend - Glory
Banking Behemoth vs Ex-Boss: The PMorgan-Epstein Entanglement
Anthony Evans vs. Jesse Campbell - If I Ain't Got You
China overtakes Japan as world's top car exporter
I have a dream, MLK inspiring speech
Last Walmart in North Portland Closing Down
Aretha Franklin, Marvis Staples - Oh Happy Day
Banking Behemoth vs Ex-Boss: The PMorgan-Epstein Entanglement
BVI Freedom Song
Florida's DeSantis seeks to disqualify judge in Disney case
Billy Preston - You Can't Beat God Giving (Live)
Talks between US House Republicans and President Biden's Democratic administration on raising the federal government's $31.4tn debt ceiling have paused
VIRGIN ISLANDS REGGAE CARIBBEAN RIDDIMZ
Biden Administration Eyeing High-Profile Visits to China: The Biden Administration is heating things up by looking into setting up a series of top-level visits to Beijing by top officials in the coming months
Oh Happy Day Edwin Hawkins - Anthony Brown w FBCG Combined Choir
New evidence in special counsel probe may undercut Trump’s claim documents he took were automatically declassified
'Stand by Me' performed by Karen Gibson and The Kingdom Choir
A French court of appeals confirmed former President Nicolas Sarkozy's three-year jail term for corruption and influence peddling
National Anthem of the British Virgin Islands - Oh, Beautiful Virgin
Debt Ceiling Crises Have Unleashed Political Chaos
Hello Dolly
Weibao Wang, a former software engineer at Apple, was charged with stealing trade secrets related to autonomous systems, including self-driving cars
for KING & COUNTRY - Amen (Reborn) [feat. Lecrae & The WRLDFMS Tony Wi
Mobile phone giant Vodafone to cut 11,000 jobs globally over three years as new boss says its performance not good enough
Bob Marley - Get Up Stand Up
Elon Musk compares George Soros to Magneto, the supervillain from the Marvel Comics series.
Yes He Can
Warren Buffett Sells TSMC Shares Over Concerns About Taiwan's Stability
What A Friend We Have In Jesus
New Study Finds That Secondary Bacterial Pneumonia Is a Major Cause of Death in COVID-19 Patients Who Require Ventilator Assistance
Unforgettable
×